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The Environmental Protection Agency is opening 74 public dockets, one for each of the 73 remaining chemicals on the 2014 Update to the [Toxic Substances Control Act] Work Plan for Chemical Assessments… and an additional general docket for chemicals not on the Work Plan. Te Work Plan provides a list of existing chemicals for assessment under the Toxic Substances Control Act. The Environmental Protection Agency is also ‘interested in the public's input on chemicals not on the 2014 Update to the [Toxic Substances Control Act] Work Plan for Chemical Assessments for consideration as potential candidates for prioritization’ under the Act. ‘By providing the public with a venue for submitting use, hazard, and exposure information on these chemicals, the Environmental Protection Agency is facilitating the sharing of information by stakeholders and the general public that could update the information EPA currently has on the chemicals on the 2014 Update to the [Toxic Substances Control Act] Work Plan for Chemical Assessments. EPA will use this data to inform [Toxic Substances Control Act] prioritization and risk evaluation for these chemicals.’
‘This Notice announces the availability of a document: A Working Approach for Identifying Potential Candidate Chemicals for Prioritization. The document lays out the Environmental Protection Agency's near-term approach for identifying potential chemicals for prioritization, the initial step in evaluating the safety of existing chemicals under the Toxic Substances Control Act. The document also includes a longer-term risk-based approach for considering the larger [Toxic Substances Control Act] active chemical universe.’ The Environmental Protection Agency is ‘opening a public docket to accept comments on this approach, which will inform a public meeting to be held in early 2019.’
The Environmental Protection Agency ‘requests public nominations of scientific experts to be considered for ad hoc participation on the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act Scientific Advisory Panel… All nominees will be considered for ad hoc participation providing independent scientific advice to the EPA on health and safety issues related to pesticides. The [Panel] is comprised of biologists, statisticians, toxicologists and other experts and is assisted in their reviews by members of the Food Quality Protection Act Science Review Board.’
‘The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry… invites comment on a proposed information collection project titled “Prenatal Assessment of Environmental Risk”. This web-based data collection will provide information on behavioral risks for environmental exposures for patients seeking preconception and prenatal care, and for their reproductive health care clinicians.’ ‘The long-term goal is for [this] web-based information collection system to be widely adopted by obstetricians, gynecologists, and other reproductive health care professionals. Through the Prenatal Assessment of Environmental Risk, practicing clinicians will have readily accessible and reliable information, and educational resources to counsel mothers-to-be on their potential environmental exposures and associated risks. This will facilitate reduction in harm to mothers-to-be and their babies. The environmental exposure assessment results will be suitable for incorporation into patients' electronic health records and maintenance within health care provider organizations.’
The Environmental Protection Agency ‘requests public nominations of scientific experts to be considered for ad hoc participation and possible membership on the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Science Advisory Committee on Chemicals.’ Nominees will be considered for ‘ad hoc participation’ in peer reviews of the Environmental Protection Agency’s ‘risk evaluations for the first 10 chemical substances addressed under the [Toxic Substances Control Act]. In addition, all nominees may be considered for … membership to fulfill short term needs when a vacancy occurs on the chartered Committee.’ ‘Nominees should be scientists who have sufficient professional qualifications, including training and experience, to be capable of providing expert comments on the scientific issues… No interested scientists shall be ineligible to serve by reason of their membership on any other advisory committee to a Federal department or agency or their employment by a Federal department or agency, except the [Environmental Protection Agency].’
The Environmental Protection Agency 'is soliciting information to facilitate the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committees' consideration of any adverse public health, welfare, social, economic, or energy effects which may result from various strategies for attainment and maintenance of national ambient air quality standards.'
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing a public comment period for the second draft of the Integrated Science Assessment for oxides of nitrogen, oxides of sulfur, and particulate matter. 'The Integrated Science Assessment, in conjunction with additional technical and policy assessments, provides the scientific basis for EPA's decisions on the adequacy of the current [National Ambient Air Quality Standards] and the appropriateness of possible alternative standards.' The EPA 'is releasing this draft document to seek review by the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee and the public... When revising the document, EPA will consider any public comments submitted during the public comment period specified in this notice.'
The Environmental Protection Agency is calling for scientific and relevant policy-related information for an Integrated Review Plan and an Integrated Science Assessment, being prepared 'as part of the review of the air quality criteria and the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone (O3) and related photochemical oxidants.' The Integrated Science Assessment 'will summarize the plan for the review, including the initial identification of policy-relevant issues and questions to frame the review. It 'will build on the scientific assessment conducted for the last O3 review, focusing on assessing newly available information since the last assessment. Interested parties are invited to assist the EPA by submitting information regarding significant new O3 research and policy-relevant issues for consideration in this review of the primary (health-based) and secondary (welfare-based) O3 standards.'
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is soliciting public comment on a proposed regulation which 'provides that, for the science pivotal to its significant regulatory actions, [the Environmental Protection Agency] will ensure that the data and models underlying the science is publicly available in a manner sufficient for validation and analysis' by any third party. The intention of this regulation is 'to strengthen the transparency of EPA regulatory science.' The EPA is particularly looking for comments on a variety of details related to how such a regulation can 'best be promulgated and implemented in light of existing law and prior Federal policies that already require increasing public access to data and influential scientific information used to inform federal regulation.'
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing 'a significant new use rule for asbestos as defined under the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act.' A significant new use rule requires notice to the EPA before chemical substances and mixtures are used in new ways that might cause concerns. The EPA 'has found no information indicating that the following uses are ongoing, and therefore, the following uses are subject to this proposed [significant new use rule]: Adhesives, sealants, and roof and non-roof coatings; arc chutes; beater-add gaskets; extruded sealant tape and other tape; filler for acetylene cylinders; high-grade electrical paper; millboard; missile liner; pipeline wrap; reinforced plastics; roofing felt; separators in fuel cells and batteries; vinyl-asbestos floor tile; and any other building material (other than cement).' Anyone subject to this significant new use rule is required to notify the EPA 'at least 90 days before commencing any manufacturing (including importing) or processing of asbestos (including as part of an article) for a significant new use. The required notification initiates EPA's evaluation of the conditions of use associated with the intended use within the applicable review period.'
The Environmental Protection Agency is 'publishing and taking comments on the problem formulation documents for the first 10 chemical substances undergoing risk evaluation under the Toxic Substances Control Act...The 10 problem formulation documents announced in this document are an additional interim step, prior to publication of the draft risk evaluations, that refine the scope documents.' Comments provided 'will inform the development of the draft risk evaluation documents;' comments will not be used to revise the problem formulation documents.
The Environmental Protection Agency is accepting comments on the “Application of Systematic Review in TSCA Risk Evaluations,” 'which sets out general principles to guide the application of systematic review for [Toxic Substances Control Act] risk evaluations.' Systematic review principles are applied to the development development of risk evaluations under the Toxic Substances Control Act. 'The systematic review document includes a structured process of identifying, evaluating and integrating evidence for both the hazard and exposure assessments developed during the risk evaluation process.'
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to retain the existing air quality criteria for sulfur oxides. This decision is 'based on the EPA's review of the air quality criteria addressing human health effects and the primary national ambient air quality standard.' There is not currently a public hearing scheduled; if the EPA 'receives a request from a member of the public to speak at a public hearing concerning the proposed decision,' they will hold one.
The Environmental Protection Agency is requesting comment on its previous statements that the Agency, under the Clean Water Act, may regulate 'pollutant discharges from point sources that reach jurisdictional surface waters via... a direct hydrologic connection' to surface waters already regulated under the Clean Water Act. Comments are requested 'from tribes, states, members of the public, and other interested stakeholders regarding whether the Environmental Protection Agency should review and potentially revise its previous statements concerning the applicability of the Clean Water Act' to these type of pollutant discharges. More specific requests for comment related to this issue can be found here.
The Environmental Protection Agency is calling for public comment on the recently released 'draft IRIS Assessment Plan for ammonia and ammonium salts. This document communicates information on the scoping needs identified by EPA program and regional offices and the IRIS Program's initial problem formulation activities. Specifically, the assessment plan outlines the objectives for each assessment and the type of evidence considered most pertinent to address the scoping needs.'
This notice announces the availability of the Environmental Protection Agency's draft human health and ecological risk assessments for the registration review of glyphosate, in addition to the following pesticides:
"Registration review is EPA's periodic review of pesticide registrations to ensure that each pesticide continues to satisfy the statutory standard for registration, that is, the pesticide can perform its intended function without unreasonable adverse effects on human health or the environment."
The Environmental Protection Agency has announced a proposed repeal of the 2015 regulation known as the "Clean Power Plan" (officially the Carbon Pollution Emission Guidelines for Existing Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units). The Clean Power Plan established measures to cut power sector emissions to 32% of 2005 levels by 2030. In a review of the 2015 regulation, initiated by the March 2017 Executive Order 13783, the Environmental Protection Agency found that the Clean Power Plan 'exceeds the Agency's statutory authority', primarily regarding the interpretation of a section of the Clean Air Act that requires the Environmental Protection Agency to establish 'emission guidelines for existing sources that reflect the best system of emission reduction.'
*On November 8, 2017, the Environmental Protection Agency published a notice extending the comment period to January 16, 2018.
*On February 1, 2018, the Environmental Protection Agency published a notice reopening the public comment period until April 26, 2018; this notice also announced three public listening sessions.
The Environmental Protection Agency is requesting comments on 'benefits of neonicotinoid insecticide use in cotton and citrus. 'While [the Environmental Protection Agency] typically releases benefits assessments along with the proposed interim decisions, [the Agency] is releasing and obtaining public comment on these two benefits assessments at an earlier stage of the registration review process. These benefits assessments will help... evaluate the impacts of potential measures to reduce certain risks to pollinators identified' in previous preliminary assessments.'
This notice also announces the availability of Environmental Protection Agency's 'draft ecological non-pollinator risk assessment for the registration review of imidacloprid, along with draft human health and non-pollinator ecological risk assessments for the registration review of clothianidin, thiamethoxam, and dinotefuran' (previously announced here). 'Finally, [the Environmental Protection Agency] is releasing a response to public comments on the Agency's 2014 assessment of the benefits of neonicotinoid seed treatments to soybean production.'
On January 9, 2017 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) published its final rule on occupational exposure to beryllium and beryllium compounds. OSHA concluded that employees exposed to beryllium and beryllium compounds at the preceding permissible exposure limits were at significant risk of material impairment of health. They therefore issued separate permissible exposure limits, short-term exposure limits, and a number of ancillary provisions for (1) general industry, (2) shipyards, and (3) construction. OSHA is now proposing to revoke the January 9 ancillary provisions for the construction and the shipyard sectors, but retain the new lower permissible exposure limit (PEL) of 0.2 μg/m3 and the short term exposure limit (STEL) of 2.0 μg/m3 for each sector. OSHA will not enforce the January 9, 2017 shipyard and construction standards without further notice while this new rulemaking is underway. This proposal does not affect the general industry beryllium standard published on January 9, 2017